Mania Nudel Holocaust Learning Center Logo

Our logo depicts eleven (11) butterflies, six (6) yellow, and five (5) red.  The butterflies commemorate and honor the 11,000,000 who perished in the Holocaust, six 6 million Jews and five 5 million other citizens of Europe. 

The theme of the butterflies comes from a well-received book of poems & drawings by the children of Terezin Concentration Camp 1942-44, “I never saw another butterfly.” This specific poem from which the book takes its title was written by Pavel Freidman, age 21. The poem is dated June 4, 1942. Pavel was sent to Auschwitz on September 29, 1944, where he perished.

The butterflies have become symbolic of those that were murdered by the Nazis during the Holocaust. In our case, the six yellow butterflies represent the total number of Jews murdered in the various death chambers of the Nazi murder machinery. The five red butterflies represent the five million non-Jews murdered by the Nazis for a variety of reasons including disabled German children.

The Butterfly – by Pavel Freidman, Terezin 1942

The last, the very last,
So richly, brightly, dazzlingly yellow.
Perhaps if the sun's tears would sing
against a white stone...

Such, such a yellow
Is carried lightly ‘way up high.
It went away I'm sure because it wished
to kiss the world goodbye.

For seven weeks I've lived in here,
Penned up inside this ghetto
But I have found my people here.
The dandelions call to me
And the white chestnut candles in the court.
Only I never saw another butterfly.

That butterfly was the last one.
Butterflies don't live in here,
In the ghetto.

The George Gottlieb Holocaust & Jewish Education Program